In Europe, starting from the first half of the thirteenth century, due to the emergence of Gothic architectural styles, the styling of the entire area was carved out of various parts of the community. The kitchen decoration that had been neglected for a long time began to have Inspiration and thought.
In the Baroque period after the fourteenth century, the attention paid to the details was respected by the royal family and the aristocracy, and it quickly affected all the inhabitants of the entire European continent. Gold-plated handles, elegant matching, and luxurious accessories seem to be part of the kitchen. The influence of the Baroque style on the kitchen makes the kitchen visually convey the feeling of extreme luxury and nobleness, becoming a symbol of power, status, and wealth.
The artistic influence of the Italian Renaissance has greatly promoted the trend of kitchen life. European countries have decorated traditional furniture with various colors and decorated with various characteristic ornaments. The combination of tradition and popularity has made furniture products more personal. Due to the strong artistic atmosphere of this period and the ancient and complex historical legends of Europe, the life of the kitchen cabinets and even the kitchen is filled with fantastic colors. The designers cleverly combined art and kitchen cabinetry, which laid the European style of living in the kitchen - noble and elegant art, like Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa." Until today, this gorgeous European style is reflected in furniture, and its noble atmosphere is still appreciated by modern people. It is an art that has been circulating for a hundred years, and of course there are always its champions.
The outbreak of World War I
Since the end of the 1871 Franco-Prussian War and the outbreak of the First World War in 1911, there has been almost 40 years of peace in Europe. The people live in romance and fantasy. At that time, designs were more or less retro in color, such as The arts and crafts movement and the Art Nouveau movement are trying to prevent the emergence of industrialization. The fear created by people in the first world war and the sense of urgency replaced the beautiful vision of the future and formed a special point of view: If the machinery is out of control, it will kill the human race itself. This is the first time that humans have judged the negative results of large-scale industrialization.
At that time, Europe was in a very unstable state. Social democratic thoughts gradually began to move into the minds of a group of sober kitchen designers. They tried to improve the society from the design of the kitchen and put forward the idea that “kitchen design was for the public”. In the end, these people became the core of modern kitchen design. The German kitchen design stance was influenced by social engineering and social work positions. It emphasized how kitchen design can create better conditions for the German nation. Bauhaus' first president and famous architect Walter. Walter Gropius once said: “My design is designed to allow every family of German citizens to enjoy 6 hours of sunshine.” This shows that they are engaged in “social engineering activities”, that is, Engineering reforms. The "Less is more" modern design is not the result of formal considerations, but the result of solving problems and meeting the basic needs of the general public. It is due to social democratic thoughts and the purpose is to create. Cheap, mass-produced products. After World War II, the artistic and cultural heritage of Italy could not be revived. In the field of kitchen design, it once again reaffirmed the “source of art” and emphasized the idea of “combination of art and science”. It was the first time to try modern style kitchen design. At the same time, Germany has gradually perfected its ideal functionalism in industrial production.
Because German kitchen cabinet manufacturers focus on industrial production, the design of Germany is calm, highly rational, and even inhuman, resulting in the sometimes lack of consideration of the psychological relationship between design and human beings. Italy's modern kitchen design pays close attention to this relationship. Its rich historical and cultural heritage is the determining factor. Moreover, Italians like to eat and like to spend more time in the kitchen, making the relationship between people and the kitchen very close, which requires the kitchen design must pay attention to people's psychological feelings. Italians view design as a culture, not simply seeing it as a tool for making money, so small batches and high grades have become the advantages of Italian kitchen design. (Here, I think what is lacking in the kitchen cabinets of the people of the country is precisely this: Considering designing kitchen cabinets as a kind of culture, not simply seeing it as a tool for making money! And here, I think this is just the opposite, kitchen cabinets made by people are often This is the opposite!)
On the whole, Europeans think that design is an integral part of their lives, Americans use it as a tool for making money, and Japanese think that design is a means of survival for the nation. Based on the differences in their respective pursuits, the European kitchen cabinet industry and even the furniture industry are the most mature and beautiful, especially Italy and Germany.
As time went to the 1980s, kitchen design faced a new situation. European kitchen designers began to explore: whether or not designers should pay attention to the relationship between design objects and other products, must consider the design of the scope of the design of the object to consider the problem. If the design of the cup is not based solely on ergonomics or on the basis of beautiful styling, it must be considered on what occasion it is used and the cup should be adapted to the surrounding environment. With the increasing design scope considered by designers, there has been the problem of fuzzification of the margins classified by variety, and various disciplines have also become compatible with each other, that is, the intersection of disciplines. Under the collision of thought and art, in the blend of life and reason, the European kitchen cabinet industry has put forward the idea of “creating a personalized kitchen” for the first time in the world!
At the same time, another strong impact came from the computer. In the 1980s, the proliferation of personal computers brought unimaginable impact to kitchen design. The effect picture originally painted with a brush or completed with other special techniques, now only needs a computer with good hardware configuration and excellent graphics software to coordinate, it can make the drawing time spent by more than half, and the pattern is beautiful and accurate. This is a revolutionary impact on design and its education system.
Under the influence of the two major impacts, European kitchen cabinet manufacturers began to develop kitchen professional design software that is suitable for the company. Speed, efficiency, system, fairness, science... This type of professional software has gained popularity in Europe because of its unsurpassed advantages.
In the current era, the concept of kitchen life has changed significantly with the continuous deepening of global cross-regional cultural exchanges. The specific manifestation is: strong flavor and personalized style of the times have been advocated. The scientific and rationality of kitchen life is gradually strengthened, and the traditional style of furniture and fashion style are deeply integrated. Due to the substantial expansion of the home space, the open kitchen is no longer just the exclusive home of the housewife, but the place where the whole family lives. People's kitchen concepts also evolve from basic cooking functions to versatility, entertainment, and comfort.
Contact person: Sum Landy
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